FIRST AID - Maailmakoristuspäev

FIRST AID

RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PROVIDING FIRST AID

 

SMALL WOUND OR ABRASION

Wash with clean water, clean with a disinfectant and place a band-aid on the wound.

 

LARGE WOUND

Wash with clean water and cover and wrap with a clean bandage. Wounds contaminated with dirt or rust – it is best to go to the ER to have the wound checked.

 

HAEMORRHAGE

Note: The bleeding must be stopped, so make a pressure bandage using a bandage or any other items to hand. In the case of a head or neck wound, raise the head and shoulders. In the case of a limb wound, raise the limb. In the case of a life-threatening situation, call 112.

 

LIQUIDS, POWDERS, etc.

Upon contact with skin or mucosa (i.e. the eyes), rinse immediately with plenty of running water. If you inhale a substance, remove yourself to a place of fresh air. If necessary, seek more guidance on what to do by calling the poisoning information hotline 16662. Keep the packaging of the chemical on you so that you can describe the situation. In cases of persistent irritation or breathing difficulties, go to the ER. If the situation worsens abruptly, call 112.

 

BURNS

Quickly cool the affected area with cool water for at least 10 minutes. To assess the extent of the burns, call the family medicine consultation hotline 1220. In the case of more extensive burns, go to the ER.

 

FOREIGN OBJECT IN THE EYE

Do not rub your eye. Rinse with plenty of water and, if necessary, send the victim to see a doctor. Do not attempt to remove any foreign body penetrating the eye – cover the eye with a bandage and go to the ER.

 

BONE or JOINT TRAUMA

Place some ice or something cool over the wound. If possible, bandage it using an elastic bandage. Wrap it tightly, but do not cut off the flow of blood. Ask the victim to choose a comfortable position and then raise the limb and keep it in one place. In the case of persistent pain, oedema or mobility problems, go to the ER.

 

SNAKE BITE

Ask the victim to lie down calmly. Try not to move the limb that was bitten. Do try to remove rings, watch, shoes, etc. If necessary, call the poisoning information hotline 16662. If the situation worsens abruptly, call an ambulance or take the victim to the ER.

 

TICK BITE

Grasp a tick that has embedded itself in the skin as close to the head as possible and carefully pull it straight out. Try not to squeeze the tick’s body as you do so. Wash the wound with water and soap or a disinfecting agent.